vMotion or Live Migration? The two seem extremely similar. Each migrates running VMs among hosts, with unnoticeable downtime to the end users. Like a fine wine or high-performance sports car, you have to spend time with each to begin noticing the subtle, yet distinct, differences between these two. 

But most people don’t have the time or resources to spend quality time delving into both. You have to pick one or the other, and then you’re basically stuck with what you’ve got and what you’ve invested all the time to learn. 

Unless, of course, you find a resource like this to talk you through it! 

The Main Difference is Performance

vMotion performance

It’s all in the performance. Have you ever noticed how seldom the car that takes pole position actually wins the race? That’s because one short run doesn’t necessarily indicate how the car will perform during competition conditions. That’s a lot like comparing vMotion with Live Migration.

vMotion is available with vSphere Essentials Plus and higher versions. Live Migration is offered as part of the free Hyper-V Server 2012. Hyper-V Server 2012 lacks a logical graphical UI, however, it does come with many of the advanced features that are offered in the paid version. Microsoft claims that Live Migration is capable of handling an unlimited number of live migrations at the same time. In the real world, though, this isn’t the smartest course of action. 

According to the experts, "infinite" is a highly inflated claim, and doesn’t hold true in practical application.During a research study, VMware was able to complete live migrations almost five and a half times quicker than the average Live Migration. (The study involved using vSphere 5 in Windows 2008 R2 SP1.) The same study concluded that Live Migration deteriorated the performance of live OSs and applications more so than did vMotion. 

Say you applied these differences across a massive live migration, such as that common in a large enterprise. The performance differences would be significantly compounded, most likely leading to noticeable and possibly problematic degradation in performance. Most enterprises just can’t afford this kind of performance hit on a regular basis, which is why most opt to use the more tried-and-true vMotion. vMotion is scalable (and perhaps more reliable) to a greater extent, making it ideal for the larger IT environments. 

Another Difference is Longevity

vMotion Over Live Migration

Longevity is another area where vMotion surpasses Live Migration. Which would you rather have to prove your skills on the gridiron in — a brand new pair of untested cleats, or the old, broken-in pair you’ve been comfortable in for eons? The old pair won’t give you blisters.

While there is no doubt that Microsoft is capable of producing high-quality products (after all, who isn’t still grieving over the loss of Windows XP and having anxiety issues over the clock ticking toward the time when Windows 7 will no longer be supported?), VMware has simply been in the virtualization game longer than our friends in Redmond. vSphere has just been around longer, commands a larger share of the market (particularly within the larger enterprise segment), and has garnered the trust of the data center

Beyond the Virtual Machines 

There is another aspect to consider, as well. You aren’t just looking at the issue of migrating live VMs, you’re actually choosing between two entire packages that comprise a total hypervisor. You’re really looking at the difference between vSphere and the vCloud Suite and that of Windows Server and System Center. In fact, vSphere was outperforming Windows Server out of the gate, and the race hasn’t quite gotten tight since. vSphere outpaces Windows Server 2012 in terms of scalability, security, as well as the performance of VMs. 

How to Get Started with vMotion 

Begin by downloading and configuring vMotion. vMotion is one of the features that comes with vSphere Enterprise Plus, vSphere Enterprise, and vSphere Advanced suites. A trial is available if you’re unsure yet whether you are ready to buy the whole enterprise package. Be sure you check the requirements before downloading and installing, and that you add a vMotion-enabled VMkernel adapter (which allows you to use Fibre Channel storage). After configuration, you can begin live migrations with just a few clicks of the mouse. 

Understand the Inner Workings of vMotion Live Migrations 

The VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) is what is responsible for migrating the VMs off of hosts that are stressed for resources. This achieves a balance of resource utilization, and results in zero downtime for the end users. This helps save power and cooling costs. vMotion can also apply patches when necessary. 

The process goes like this: 

  • It is determined that a running VM needs to be migrated from ESX 1 to ESX 2. (This is called vMotioning).
  • The memory bitmap of the VM is copied from ESX 1 to ESX 2, while changes that continue to be made are written out to a bitmap on ESX 1.
  • The VM is disabled on ESX 1 and its memory bitmap is copied over to ESX 2.
  • The VM is then restarted (within milliseconds) onto ESX 2, and all of its access is now routed to the copy of the VM’s memory, which is now running on ESX 2.
  • Now, the remainder of the VM’s memory is copied over to ESX 2, while the memory is still in the process of being read and written from ESX 1.
  • When the live migration goes successfully, the VM is now completely unregistered from ESX 1 and running smoothly on ESX 2. 
  • The physical switch the ESX is connected to will be informed by the ESX host using reverse ARP.

Using vMotion With the Distributed Resource Scheduler 

Even though these tools are designed to be used together, the features and functionalities don’t always work perfectly in concert. DRS is designed to allocate resources, while vMotion migrates the live VMs when resources need to be reallocated. 

But it doesn’t always work just perfectly, especially when fundamental misconfigurations exist. Sometimes, vMotion fails to provide connectivity to the VM as the VLAN is misconfigured, and other times the VM simply fails to migrate like it should as the vCenter is not stable. That means that you always need a good VMware monitoring solution, like Health Analyzer. You can sign up for your vSphere Health-Check-as-a-Service today.

Metrics and Logs

(formerly, Opvizor Performance Analyzer)

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Monitor and Analyze Performance and Log files:
Performance monitoring for your systems and applications with log analysis (tamperproof using immudb) and license compliance (RedHat, Oracle, SAP and more) in one virtual appliance!

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Use Case - Tamper-resistant Clinical Trials


Blockchain PoCs were unsuccessful due to complexity and lack of developers.

Still the goal of data immutability as well as client verification is a crucial. Furthermore, the system needs to be easy to use and operate (allowing backup, maintenance windows aso.).


immudb is running in different datacenters across the globe. All clinical trial information is stored in immudb either as transactions or the pdf documents as a whole.

Having that single source of truth with versioned, timestamped, and cryptographically verifiable records, enables a whole new way of transparency and trust.

Use Case - Finance


Store the source data, the decision and the rule base for financial support from governments timestamped, verifiable.

A very important functionality is the ability to compare the historic decision (based on the past rulebase) with the rulebase at a different date. Fully cryptographic verifiable Time Travel queries are required to be able to achieve that comparison.


While the source data, rulebase and the documented decision are stored in verifiable Blobs in immudb, the transaction is stored using the relational layer of immudb.

That allows the use of immudb’s time travel capabilities to retrieve verified historic data and recalculate with the most recent rulebase.

Use Case - eCommerce and NFT marketplace


No matter if it’s an eCommerce platform or NFT marketplace, the goals are similar:

  • High amount of transactions (potentially millions a second)
  • Ability to read and write multiple records within one transaction
  • prevent overwrite or updates on transactions
  • comply with regulations (PCI, GDPR, …)


immudb is typically scaled out using Hyperscaler (i. e. AWS, Google Cloud, Microsoft Azure) distributed across the Globe. Auditors are also distributed to track the verification proof over time. Additionally, the shop or marketplace applications store immudb cryptographic state information. That high level of integrity and tamper-evidence while maintaining a very high transaction speed is key for companies to chose immudb.

Use Case - IoT Sensor Data


IoT sensor data received by devices collecting environment data needs to be stored locally in a cryptographically verifiable manner until the data is transferred to a central datacenter. The data integrity needs to be verifiable at any given point in time and while in transit.


immudb runs embedded on the IoT device itself and is consistently audited by external probes. The data transfer to audit is minimal and works even with minimum bandwidth and unreliable connections.

Whenever the IoT devices are connected to a high bandwidth, the data transfer happens to a data center (large immudb deployment) and the source and destination date integrity is fully verified.

Use Case - DevOps Evidence


CI/CD and application build logs need to be stored auditable and tamper-evident.
A very high Performance is required as the system should not slow down any build process.
Scalability is key as billions of artifacts are expected within the next years.
Next to a possibility of integrity validation, data needs to be retrievable by pipeline job id or digital asset checksum.


As part of the CI/CD audit functionality, data is stored within immudb using the Key/Value functionality. Key is either the CI/CD job id (i. e. Jenkins or GitLab) or the checksum of the resulting build or container image.

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